教你如何用英语表达对比关系~

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当你和别人对于想法进行讨论时,会经常需要进行比较和对比。使用正确的短语和语法结构可以更好地表达你的想法。


下面就来看看英语中如何进行比较吧~


用来表达比较的词汇和短语


下列单词或短语可以用来比较两个条目或想法:

like



likewise

同样地

same as

和....一样

as well as



also, too



likewise

类似地


下面是使用到一些表达的简短段落:


You'll find that time like money is a limited resource. You can't buy everything you want, likewise, you don't have enough time to do everything you want to do. Our time is the same as our money: it's limited. Also, time is a resource when work needs to be done.

你会发现时间就像金钱一样是一种有限的资源。你不能买你想要的一切,同样,你没有足够的时间去做你想做的一切。我们的时间和我们的钱一样:时间有限。此外,当在完成工作时,时间是一种资源。

以下单词或短语将两个条目或想法进行对比:

unlike

不像

in contrast to

与…对比

as opposed to

与…相反

different from

与...不同

whereas

然而


以下简短段落使用一些表达方式来进行对比:


Unlike time or money, desire is an unlimited resource. Think about it: In contrast to money which can run out, your desire for new experiences and ideas will never end. Whereas there is never enough time to do everything you want, your desire will always come up with something new and exciting.

与时间或金钱不同,欲望是一种无限的资源。想想看:与可能花光的钱相比,你对新体验和新想法的渴望永远不会结束。虽然从来没有足够的时间去做你想做的任何事情,但是你的愿望总是会带来一些新的、令人兴奋的事情。

比较想法时使用的形式

比较两种观点时最重要的形式是比较级。对于三个或更多的想法,使用最高级。

比较级

下面这些句子使用比较级来讨论有关困难经济的观点:

Employment issues are more important than political problems at this point in time.

目前,就业问题比政治问题更为重要。


Job training is more critical to sustained well being than food stamps and other welfare programs.


工作培训比食品券和其他福利计划对维持健康更为重要。

Politicians are more worried about reelection than truly improving the economy.

政治家们更担心的是连任,而不是真正改善经济。

As ... as

和...一样

比较的一个相关形式是使用“as...as”。正形式表示某事物是相同的。但是,当使用“as…as”不要把形容词改成比较级。

The loss of manufacturing jobs is as unfortunate as the drop in pay.

制造业的失业和工资的下降一样不幸。

Spending on education in my state is as high as in some foreign countries like Korea.

我所在州的教育支出与韩国等国外国家一样高。


否定形式表明事物不对等。


It isn't as easy as you think.

这不像你想的那么容易。

The loss in production isn't as great as in the past.

生产损失不如过去那么大。

最高级

下面这些句子,使用最高级级来陈述某人对大学成功重要方面的观点:

Dedication is the most important factor in success at University.

奉献精神是大学取得成功的最重要因素。

Opening my mind to new perspectives was the most rewarding part of my time at university.

在大学的时候,打开我的思维,接受新的观点是我最有价值的部分。


连接词


使用这些从属连词,连接词和介词来对比正反两方面。

Though, Although, Even Though

尽管

Although the initial cost will be high, we will eventually profit from the time spent.

虽然最初的成本会很高,但我们最终会从花费的时间中获益。

It's important to remember that time is money even though many believe that money is more important.

重要的是要记住时间就是金钱,即使许多人认为金钱更重要。

However, Nonetheless

然而

We need to improve the local infrastructure. However, we must also respect nature.

我们需要改善当地的基础设施。然而,我们也必须尊重自然。

The government should invest in job training programs. Nonetheless, these will be expensive.

政府应该投资于职业培训项目。然而这些将是昂贵的。


Despite, In Spite Of


尽管

Despite the difficulty, students will soon see the benefit of this topic of study.

尽管困难重重,学生们很快就会看到这个学习主题的好处。

The situation will improve in spite of the economy.

尽管经济不景气,情况还是会好转的。

英语表达比较的运用你掌握了吗?平时要经常练习巩固哦!

喜欢请多多关注学府翻译哦~


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